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+آموزش زبان انگلیسی برای همه+ - Grammar

Some - Any - A - An

English Grammar Rules

شکلک های محدثه

A and AN

We use A/AN (articles) with singular countable nouns.

  • My brother has a ferret for a pet.
  • There is an accident on the corner.

A is used when the next word starts with a consonant sound.

  • A book
  • A guitar
  • A friend
  • A university (The start of the word university sounds like YOU, a consonant sound).

AN is used when the next word starts with a vowel sound.

  • An apple
  • An ice-cream
  • An orange
  • An hour (the letter H in this word is silent so it sounds like it starts with a vowel).

Some and Any

We use SOME and ANY with plural nouns and uncountable nouns.

Some is generally used in positive sentences.

Any is generally used in negative sentences.

  • I have some information for you about flights to Paris.
    (Positive - Uncountable)
  • I don't have any information for you about flights to Paris.
    (Negative - Uncountable)
  • We met some friends for drinks after work yesterday.
    (Positive - Plural Countable)
  • I didn't see any friends there on Thursday.
    (Negative - Plural Countable)
  • I think he will have some time to speak to you today.
    (Positive - Uncountable)
  • I don't think he will have any time to speak to you today.
    (Negative - Uncountable)

You can also use SOME and ANY in a sentence without a noun if the meaning of the sentence is clear.

  • I didn't eat any salad but Peter ate some. (salad)
  • Sean took lots of photos of the mountains but Emma didn't take any. (photos)

Questions with Some and Any

Generally, we use ANY in questions.

  • Do you know any famous people?
  • Do you have any children?

But, SOME is used in the following circumstances:

1. When we are offering something.

  • Would you like some coffee?
  • Do you want some sugar for your coffee?

2. When we are asking for something.

  • Could I have some salt, please?
  • Can I have some fries with that?

3. When we are suggesting something.

  • Why don't we rent some movies to watch tonight?
  • Why don't you give her some advice?

You can also use SOME and ANY in a sentence without a noun if the meaning of the sentence is clear.

I didn't eat any salad but Peter ate some. (salad)

Sean took lots of photos of the mountains but Emma didn't take any. (photos)





طبقه بندی: آموزشی،
برچسب ها: آموزش زبان، گرامر ساده، قابل شمارش، غیر قابل شمارش، some/ any،
دنبالک ها: درس های گرامر،

تاریخ : شنبه 26 مرداد 1392 | 15:04 | نویسنده : Me | نظرات

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